Remember to talk to your doctor before taking any drugs!
The treatment for lowering the blood pressure is usually recommend by physicians for patients with a blood pressure of above 160/95mmHg. For those with a blood pressure immediately below these values it is taking into account age, sex or other individual factors of the patients before taking the treatment.
The first kind of treatment recommended by all the doctors will be a change in the your lifestyle.
First important change will be stop smoking, second is the moderation of drinking, the consume of alcohol increase the blood pressure. Another good point in lowering blood pressure is the correct alimentation like choosing food low in salts and sodium, consuming a lot of seaweeds, they will dissolve the ‘fatty build-ups’ from the blood vessels. The final tip regarding natural way to lower blood pressure will be working out; you need to make light exercises like walking, swimming, running for about 30 minutes per day.
But this is not always showing results. And then will begin a medical treatment to lower the blood pressure.
First drugs prescribed are diuretics and beta-blockers, these two represents the medical treatment for lowering blood pressure excluding complicating problem like heart disease. Diuretics are increasing the elimination of salt and water from the organism, lowering the blood and also lowering the blood pressure. As for the beta-blockers, they are reducing the amount of blood that the heart is pomping.
The also-called second line treatment is used only the previous one is ineffective or the patient suffers of other medical problems. There is a list of drugs that is used in severe medical treatment for lowering blood pressure:
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is stopping the production of a hormone which increases blood pressure called ansiotensin.
Calcium-channel blockers are lowering blood pressure by relaxing the vessels so the blood will flows more easily trough them.
Vasodilators are relaxing the muscles of peripheral arteries, reducing the resistance to the blood flow, and therefor are lowering the blood pressure.
The last type of drugs, the most powerfully of them, are centrally acting drugs. These kind of drugs are blocking the transmission between the nerve impulses and the autonomic nervous system, system that controls involuntary actions of heart and blood vessels.